Boggs Center Banner PBSIS Banner

Introduction to Universal Intervention Planning


The Universal Intervention tier of the Positive Behavior Supports and Interventions (PBIS) framework includes a core of prevention practices designed to promote positive student behavior and decrease occurrences of referrals to the office and suspension for conduct reasons.  First and foremost, PBIS is a decision making framework grounded in practices demonstrated effective through research.


The Universal tier of the PBIS decision making framework focuses on practices that establish a system of prevention to address conduct issues pro-actively.  The core components include: consistent expectations for student conduct, a process for teaching and reinforcing the conduct expectations, a continuum of responses to conduct infractions, and using a data driven evaluation process to determine planning needs.  When all of these components are consistently in place, published and New Jersey data suggest students are less likely to engage in conduct infractions and more likely to display positive behaviors.

The first step to designing a Universal Intervention is to establish a core leadership team. The core leadership team includes administrators, a diverse representation of general and special education building faculty and staff, and parents.  The core leadership team has a number of responsibilities including:  

To ensure that the leadership team is able to carry out these important responsibilities a number of critical teaming practices should be place:


  1. Planning meetings with a sufficient amount of time for discussion and decision making
  2. Access to office conduct referral data
  3. Annual implementation calendar
  4. Planned agendas that follow the annual implementation calendar
  5. Administrative support for decision making and resources
  6. Shared responsible among team members for completing tasks


Resources for School Teams Planning for the First Rollout

Action Steps for Planning

Tools and Resources

Assemble a leadership team who will take responsibility for planning the Universal Intervention
Suggestions for assembling a leadership team
Meet at least monthly with sufficient time for discussion and planning.  Organize meetings using an agenda and whenever possible have pairs breakout to work on specific tasks.  Follow the Master Planning Guide to organize tasks, time lines and next steps.



Develop an Implementation Manual.  As key decisions are made, edit the Implementation Manual template to result in a document that organizes all the key practices for your school.  This document is essential to maintaining consistency from year to year in anticipation of staffing changes.
National PBIS Implementation Blueprint.  Developed by the National OSEP Center on PBIS, the Implementation Blueprint is an excellent resource for personnel interested in learning about the PBIS framework.

Resources for Implementing School Teams

Action Steps for Planning

Tools and Resources

Develop an annual planning calendar and assignment list.  Experienced teams know the benefit of planning ahead.  Having an annual calendar that organizes the team's work for the year prevents last minute scrambling to hold events and activities.  Use the Annual Planning Calendar template to determine when your key activities will occur and who on your team will be assigned to lead those activities.
Maintain records of the team's activities.  Ensure that you document planning and implementation activities.  Very often teams are asked to summarize their work in some way.  Many school teams find it helpful to keep sign-in sheets from meetings, ensure there are notes distributed after each meeting, and maintain a list of key implementation activities that occurred during the school year so that they can easily share with others how they are investing their time and resource.